Friday, October 30, 2020

 Do Your Trees Look SCARY?


As a tree-lover it breaks my heart to see the trees around our community in such a state, but what gives me more anxiety is worrying that people may be removing trees that CAN RECOVER!

My Backyard - Pecan failure at a Co-Dominant Stem

I know it looks bad, but generally the trees will come back from this with proper care. 


Some things to consider:

All the arborists in Norman are slammed so if all you need is for brush to be hauled away that has already fallen to the ground, you really do not need a certified arborist to do that. (But make sure they are insured through worker’s compensation and liability). After the clean-up is done, try to get a certified arborist out to assess the damage. The International Society of Arboriculture has a Tree Risk Assessment Qualification that would be a good thing to look for as they are trained to assess risk in trees. The list of certified arborists in our area can be found here and it will note if they have the ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification:  https://www.treesaregood.org/findanarborist/findanarborist 


I highly recommend not allowing the “fly by night” operations make cuts to your trees. They tend to do poor work that will need remediation later, don’t have insurance (or have let it lapse) and rarely clean their saws to avoid spreading disease. 


Trees are long-lived organisms. Therefore, when you are considering the restoration of your damaged tree, it is often best to think in terms of years rather than months or days. It may take a few rounds of pruning over the course of a few years to re-establish the shape of the tree. 


What I have observed in this storm:

  • The breaks tended to be on trees with leaves and heavier weight on the limbs (most sycamores hadn’t dropped leaves yet and had more breaks, most oaks hadn’t lost leaves and some still had acorns and they didn’t fare well. Most pecans are a hot mess, as well.)

  • Likewise, the trees that had already dropped their leaves or have a more excurrent structure fared much better.  See image below. (Most pines are fine. Bald cypresses took it like a champ, although many lost their tops and will get bushy in the coming years-you may want to consider some thinning in two or three years time). 

  • Most of the breaks are 4 inch diameter limbs and smaller. This is particularly important because the basic structure of the tree is maintained. 




What will happen to the trees?

While it is impossible to say with certainty what will happen, here are a few thoughts: 


  • We will begin to see “witch’s brooms” in the next growing season (appropriate for this time of year, n’est pas?). In arboriculture, a witch’s broom is where you have had a cut or break and several limbs sprout from that spot, giving it the look of a broom. How this relates to tree health and tree health is that the sprouts are all sort-of “cries for help” from the tree that is trying to restore its canopy as quickly as possible. Each of these sprouts, however, has a weaker point of attachment than the original branch. Furthermore, after a few years this will put more weight on the original limb than should be there, so you will want to consider pruning to allow only a few of the sprouts to remain. Hopefully with proper care and pruning, the new sprout (or two/three depending on the tree type and branch structure) will take over and become the new replacement branch. 

  • Trees may now behave differently in wind storms. There is now a different structure to the trees, some have large gaps in them that can allow for wind tunnels and more airflow. This is a mixed bag, on one hand, fungal agents may have a more difficult time taking hold, on the other, it leaves the branches that are left far more exposed to the gusts of wind we get in Oklahoma. How the tree responds to this additional stress relies heavily upon variety, health and environmental conditions. Again, consult an arborist about your specific situation. 

  • Trees that have been bent - even if they didn’t break - may now have a compromised vascular system. The vascular system in a tree can only bend and stretch so far before there is damage, but this varies greatly by species. Most pines, for example, could survive a world-class limbo competition and still carry on just fine. Albeit a bit tilted or funny-looking.  

  • Fewer branches = more light for the grass. So there is that. 


Below I have linked a few videos from my photos that I think are interesting. I recently taught the Master Gardener class on trees using my backyard as an example, and showed them how an arborist looks at a tree for pruning during a consultation, giving reasons for each cut and making sure you aren’t taking too much in any one growing season. The storm hit my yard particularly hard and it is very interesting to see the difference in less than a three week period side-by-side. 


Video of Backyard before the storm from October 13th, 2020: 




Follow up video after the storm October 27th, 2020:





So the take-away here is that we will need to pay special attention to our trees in the coming years, and with proper care and pruning most will make a full recovery. :)

Let me know if you have any questions about any of this! 


Cheers,

Mariah Menzie

mariah@treewizard.com


P.S. The goats in the video are perfectly fine. They eventually ate their way out of the shed and we were able to move the goats and chickens to a safe location while we cleaned up and got the electric line sorted. :)


Thursday, September 10, 2020

Plant Health Care Spotlight: Snipper - Deflowering Agent

As arborists discussing tree care with our clients, one of the most common complaints we hear is about the litter dropped by trees. Often, people are resigned to the fact that they will be raking up leaves, but what irritates them the most are the nuts/fruit produced by their trees!

Cottonwood Fluff
Acorns
Gingko









Many trees have noxious offspring: 

Cottonwood fluff, acorns, ginkgo fruit, sycamore balls, and of course, the often-resented sweetgum.           

Sweetgum Balls

In our mission to maintain a balance between human quality of life and the lift of the Urban Forest, Tree Wizard has started offering a deflowering agent called "Snipper" to prevent many of the fruit/nuts from being produced. 

Sycamore Balls

From Sherrill.com:

Many homeowners are frustrated every year by their trees dropping nuts or fruit on the lawns...Most people have no idea that products even exist that can solve this problem. 
The product is called Snipper, and will drastically reduce the number of acorns, gumballs, or other fruits falling from your trees.
Snipper is applied using a microinjection capsule, which are sold in boxes of 25. To apply you simply drill a hole into the base of the tree, and push the capsule in. Capsules are placed one every four inches around the circumference of the tree. The chemicals will be injected directly into the xylem of the tree, allowing them to be taken up into all of the trees tissues. If done at the right time, this will kill emerging flowers, preventing them from being pollinated and creating fruit. This action has no negative effect on foliage or overall tree health. 
An application of Snipper in early spring when flowers are budding can drastically reduce acorns, gumballs, nuts and fruit. This can be applied to: Ash, Black Locust, Black Walnut, Cherry, Cottonwood, Crabapple, Gingko, Hackberry, Hickory, Honey Locust, Maple, Oak, Olive, Persimmon, Plum, Tree of Heaven, Sweet Gum, and Sycamore trees.

It is critically important to time this treatment properly: too late or too soon and it will fail. It must be applied AFTER the flowers have budded but BEFORE they are pollinated! 

Also please make note:

Snipper has been observed to be between 75-95% effective preventing acorns, nuts and other fruits except for gumballs. Due to the nature of Sweetgum Tree reproduction, which is multiple waves of flowers, with very little uniformity, Snipper needs to be applied multiple times per tree, and even then the effectiveness is much lower than in other trees.

Tree Wizard is committed to arboricultural excellence and is excited to bring this treatment to the Central Oklahoma community. If you have any questions or would like to schedule a consult with an ISA Certified Arborist, please contact us here:  https://treewizard.com/contact-us 

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Tree Service and COVID-19

Due to the community concerns with COVID-19, The Tree Wizards are now offering "teleconsultations" to our clients who would prefer to maintain social distance. We will schedule a time to send one of our four Certified Arborists to your property, during which we will call you and discuss the work to be done while they walk around. We will then send you your quote via email and text.
To our clients who have work scheduled: Tree Wizard is continuing to provide exceptional tree service to our community and if you wish to avoid direct contact we will be happy to accommodate this. Tree Wizard has a digital billing system that allows for an entirely paperless payment system when the job is finished and you are happy!
As always, Tree Wizard is committed to providing exceptional tree service while keeping in mind the health of our community, employees, and trees.


Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Tree Wizard at the Midwest ISA Conference

Two of our certified arborists - Don and Mariah - have traveled to Overland Park, Kansas to attend the International Society of Arboriculture Conference and Trade Show! 
They attended the talk by Dr. Kathleen Wolf about public perceptions and values for the urban forest. She shared some interesting research about the benefits trees provide for the community that people may not be as aware of, such as:

Improving Depression symptoms
Healthier birthweight of newborns
Crime Reduction 
Cognitive and attention restoration
Anxiety and mood improvement
Immune system improvement
Cardiovascular health
Lower blood pressure

For more information about this research, please visit this website, which provides a comprehensive review and the citations of the research:
http://depts.washington.edu/hhwb/Thm_Livable.html

Tree Wizard is looking forward to learning the new information that we can bring back to our community!

Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Tree Wizard's Newest Certified Arborist!

We are proud to announce that Tree Wizard now has its fourth ISA certified Arborist! Congratulations to Mike McCrosky for passing his Arborist certification exam, we are all so grateful and proud of all your hard work and skill!


Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Emerald Ash Borer in Oklahoma

Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald ash borer, or EAB is an invasive wood-boring insect native to Asia that was first identified in 2002 in Michigan, although it is suspected it was introduced to North America in the 1990's. It has progressed from the eastern part of the country toward the west, often traveling along interstate highways carried by wood products. On October 14th, 2016, it was confirmed in the northeastern part of Oklahoma. If you look at the map you can see the infestation is creeping across the country. It will only be a matter of time before it hits central Oklahoma.

This pest is a significant threat to urban and rural forests. EAB attacks all species of ash and has the ability to kill healthy trees in the span of 3 years. It has killed millions of ash trees in the United States since its arrival and caused firewood/ wood product quarantines in infested counties. EAB has also cost municipalities and property owners millions of dollars. (check out http://www.emeraldashborer.info/ for more information.)

How to identify EAB:
Although it is unlikely you will see the adult borer, it is a metallic green color and about 2/3rd the diameter of a penny.
More likely you will notice ash trees with dying or dead branches in the upper crown, and shoots or suckers along the trunk. Other symptoms included heavy feeding from woodpeckers and bark splitting exposing feeding galleries that look like spaghetti tunnels.

Luckily, our understanding of how EAB can be managed has increased since it's arrival and it is now possible that some ash trees can be protected even in areas with a large infestation. Dealing with this pest will be something our community will need to discuss in the near future. According to recent research, it is more cost effective for a community focus on saving and treating ash trees than removing and replacing them, in some cases as much as two-thirds the cost.1
http://www.emeraldashborer.info/ ( January 30, 2017)




Please contact an arborist if you think you might have an infestation or have an ash tree and would like to know more about how to deal with this pest when it does arrive in central Oklahoma.



1Clifford Sadof et al, “Tools for Staging and Managing Emerald Ash Borer in the Urban Forest,” Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 43, no. 1 (2017): 15.

Monday, May 9, 2016

Oak Leaf Blister

Oak leaf blister is a fungal disease that is found in many species of oak. We diagnosed a tree on the northwest side of Norman with this disease this week. The early stages can present on red oaks as light-colored spots that are cupped or raised on one side. It is usually not a serious problem for the health of the tree, although it can diminish the aesthetic appeal of the tree. 

The light-colored spots are a symptom of early stage oak leaf blister.